14 Mar


Prof. P. JAYARAMAN was born on 15.12.1936 in a village called Vettavalam in Thiruvannamalai District in Tamil Nadu. He had his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Botany from Presidency College, Chennai. He was the last Ph.D. student of Dr. B.G.L. Swamy who is one of the eminent Professors of Plant Morphology and also a former Principal of Presidency College, Chennai. His area of specialization was Plant Anatomy. He studied and served in the Presidency College, Chennai.

He is one of the renowned teachers in the field of Plant Anatomy in India. He has guided more than 10 Ph.D. students directly and offered research expertise to more than 100 Ph.D. scholars indirectly. He retired from Service in 1995, but he has not retired from Science/scientific studies. Just after his retirement, he has established a Research Laboratory in Chennai viz., PLANT ANATOMY RESEARCH CENTRE (PARC), which is located at No. 4, 2nd Street, Sakthi Nagar, West Tambaram, Chennai – 600045. Phone No. 044-22263236, E-mail ID: .

Research Scholars, Students, Teachers, Scientists and others from different disciplines of Plant Sciences across the country visit his laboratory for identification, authentication, consultation and guidance, anatomical description of plant organs and also to seek his expert opinion before proceeding to any research in plant anatomy/medicinal plants. People also visit PARC for referring rare and valuable books, Ph.D. theses, Dissertations, Journals etc. In fact, PARC is a REFERENCE CENTRE for the Herbal Scientists and Plant Anatomists. He has a Repository of more than 500 Voucher slides in PARC.

He has attained 75 years in December 2010. He devoted two third of his life span (about 45 years) to study different plant groups anatomically and gained a wealth of knowledge in Plant Anatomy as well as in Medicinal Plants. I can proudly say that in India, no one has studied the plants anatomically, the way he has studied. He is a -LIVING ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PLANT ANATOMY’. There is a famous biblical scripture that -Man looks at the outward appearance, but God looks at the Heart. Yes, he looks at the -HEART, MIND and SOUL of PLANTS’, that is, the VASCULATURES (Vascular structures), which enables us to differentiate one species from the other anatomically.

He deserves to be designated as the -FATHER OF INDIAN PLANT ANATOMY’. In recognition of his untiring service and outstanding contribution to the field of Plant Anatomy, he may be decorated as the -FATHER OF INDIAN PLANT ANATOMY’. Let us all pray to Almighty to give him pink health, wealth and longevity to serve the scientific fraternity.

13 Mar

Architecture Today Getting The Feeling Of Home

Being elderly and needing daily support from a long term residential care facility doesnt mean your accommodation has to be plain, unstylish, boring, or worse – institutional. With a diverse selection of affordable architectural styles today, even long term care accommodation can let go of the utilitarian architecture and begin with a fresh new start of appealing design that reflects a home-like atmosphere in a functional package.

Designing senior living with a reflection of the past, a base of the practical present and a touch of the future are sure to meet the needs of the aging population as it continues to grow. The senior consumer of the future will come with many profiles and will be looking for living arrangements that reflect a wide expanse of taste, living requirements and values, at a range of price points from affordable to extravagant.

If you had the option to design and build your own home, or a facility that would become your home, wouldnt you let your imagination run wild and creativity soar to include and consider the many possible design options that exist in the resource bank of architecture?

Architecture today is a wide-open array of taste from the old world style with the accents of stone and stucco, tile roofs and heavy beams all very suitable to homebuyers looking for a connection to the historic past. A farmhouse or a country home with simple floor plans, warm colours and cozy spaces would please many individuals looking for a connection to an era of not so long ago. Ranch style homes of the 1950s are ever popular for those looking for a one floor living plan who are not afraid to recapture a retro look, or something more open with glass such as garden doors opening onto a landscaped patio or view of a park like backyard. Designing for seniors means paying attention to details such as uncluttered hallways and wheelchair accessible traffic zones, but it doesnt preclude the designer from planning style and space that feels like home.

Working with an architect to bring together your design ideas, your creativity, an outline of what your needs may be for comfort, space, budget, maintenance and functionality, are all necessary details and requirements that go in to the design of a building that not only serves its occupants but feels inviting like home.

13 Mar

Residential Architecture Trends for Fort Worth New Homes

The Fort Worth new home outlook 2011 appears brighter as more builders are getting the lending they need to build more homes. The Fort Worth new home outlook 2011 is decidedly different than it was just a few years ago. In particular, home buyers arent looking for the extravagant homes of the past and are instead focused on beautiful, but practical, living spaces, and the architecture trends clearly reflect this.

When looking at the Fort Worth new home outlook 2011 there are a number of architectural trends that seem to be repeating themselves. They are:

The Fort Worth new home outlook 2011 calls for smaller, more modest homes. This trend certainly comes as no surprise, as home buyers simply arent looking for over-the-top homes like they were a few years ago. This means those extra rooms, such as billiard rooms, wine rooms and home theaters are not in demand much anymore when it comes to Fort Worth, Texas real estate.

The Fort Worth new home outlook 2011 still calls for open spaces. Todays new homes dont have the plethora of walls like their older counterparts. Instead, homebuyers are looking for flowing floor plans that feature central gathering spaces, such as large kitchens and great rooms.

Ceilings are becoming lower once again. The trend in new homes just a few years ago were large spaces with soaring ceilings. Todays homebuyers, however, are looking for more intimate spaces, and that often means lowering the ceilings. You will find plenty of Carrollton real estate new home options that reflect this trend.

Sliding barn doors are replacing swinging doors, thereby allowing the homeowner to better configure the space to his or her needs. For example, sliding barn doors are often used to separate a living and dining space that, when entertaining, will be opened up to allow guests to mingle.

Single-level living is gaining steam regarding the Fort Worth new home outlook 2011. This is likely because many buyers are building their dream home later in life and want an easily accessible, single-level home that eliminates the need to climb steps. It is quite common, therefore, to see any number of single-level homes in new neighborhoods. From the garage into the laundry room, mud room and kitchen, buyers of today want to be able to move freely throughout the home, without any hindrances, and single-level homes accomplish this.

Architecture plans for todays new homes take into consideration home buyers desire for outdoor living. Expect to see decks, porches, patios and the like considered in new homes.

Ease of use still reigns supreme when it comes to new homes, so large, eat-in kitchens with center islands and plenty of space for cabinetry is still quite popular, as are first-floor laundry rooms. Its really all about convenience and practicality when it comes to the Fort Worth new home outlook 2011. Homebuyers arent giving up quality of craftsmanship, mind you, they are just eliminating those extra features that never really seemed practical and instead just seemed excessive.

11 Mar

LED Garden Lighting Can Be The Best Source For Garden Lighting

LED garden lights are increasingly in popularity with time. These stylish lights have many benefits over other kinds of garden lights in many ways. Light emitting diode (LED) have served the basic decoration needs of the garden in the most cost effective way. They can add beauty to the garden dcor in many ways. With LED appliances, people may decorate their trees, shrubs, paths down to the lawn, and many other areas. LED garden lightings can immensely spruce up your garden dcor, and are also safe to use.

Led appliances are either in round or pointed shapes. These low voltage devices are wrapped with a diffuse plastic lens. The good thing about LED lightings is that it is not affected by harsh weathers and traffic. These lights came into existence in 1970, and scientists are still bringing innovations in these lightings, as the demand continues to grow.

When comparison is made between LED backyard appliances with bulbs and fluorescent lamps, it has been discovered that they LED lightings are more energy efficient. Normal bulbs throw more heat to the environment whereas LED lights hardly emit heat. Moreover, LED lights are free from mercury, and are a safer lighting source. If you have kids in your home, then LED garden lightings must be your first choice, because as they are cool to touch, children would not be harmed when playing in the garden.

Another main benefit for using LED garden lights is that they consume very little energy, and hence dramatically reduce electricity bills. LED garden lighting is now available in many different designs, shapes, and colors. AS LED backyard lighting are structured in long ropes, these versatile lights can be shaped in many forms. Suppose you are throwing a children’s party in your garden, with LED garden lights, you can give shapes of flowers, butterflies, and animals that will greatly attract and amuse the children.

In case of a formal party, you can consider hanging them on the walls, trees, or shrubs, simply any way you want. However, these not only offer contemporary designs, but also in fact allow cutting many costs in the end. LED garden illuminations have a longer life span compared to other bulbs and lamps. These reliable lightings have really helped to embellish a garden with differently shaped colorful lights.

9 Mar

How to Build Home Made Power Plant

Would you like to find out more about the Home Made Power Plant guide, and whether or not you can really build your own sources of power at home? Having your own power sources at home can save a lot of money. I decided to get the Home Made Power Plant guide to learn how to build my own wind turbines and solar panels at home.

The Negatives: The book is not a perfect step by step example of exactly how to build the same solar panels and wind generators that the author, Frank Patrick, built. But, it does a better job at this than most of its competitors.

This informative manual will teach you how to cut your energy costs by up to 80%. It will also show you how it is possible to get your utility company to pay you, each month, for the surplus energy you generate. It is possible!

The manual also provides step-by-step instructions (photos included) on how to build your own solar and wind generators, for the unbelievable price of UNDER $200. Both of these generators will last a lifetime and will save you thousands of dollars, overall.

As the technology to mass produce cheap electrical power from the wind advances, wind power is expected to play a much larger role in energy production. Nuclear power plants are also expected to contribute to more energy production than in the past. As the world strives to reduce it’s dependence on fossil fuels, the future looks brighter than ever for renewable energy sources.

Working with wood and metal to build specified objects can be rewarding and fun. Actually, you can construct and install equipment for approximately $200 which will produce sufficient energy to run each of your residential appliances. With a well-constructed wind generator, a good 20 mph breeze is enough to let you produce extra electricity. What’s left can be stored and made useful when the wind is weak. Owning a power plant means always having electricity.

Frank Patrick, the creator of Home Made Power Plant, said that those bonus were available just the day of my order, but they are still now available, so no need to worry about that: I think they will be available for many months. I took one and a half day to build the solar panel following the Home Made Solar Plant’s plan. It wasn’t such easy to build, but it wasn’t difficult. Well, think that I’m an alternative energy researcher, a scientist, not an engineer! However, after less than 2 days, I was able to make my solar panel work.

A lot of people who bought this guide thought that the construction of an electricity generator will take a lot of time. However, they were able to finish everything in just a few hours. All the instructions and illustrations on the plan were so easy to follow. We hope that this Home Made Power Plant review was able to convince you about the benefits of an electricity generator system built by you yourself.

9 Mar

Common Myths About Green Architecture

Waste management is a waste of time.

Most waste-management practices used on job sites can help reduce tipping fees for landfilling waste. A lot of contractors have proved that construction waste management helps generate profit through recycling and saves a lot of money. Aside from this, it also provides a much safer and cleaner workplace.

Green building is a fad.

Contrary to what most people believe in, green-building principles have been practiced for centuries now. This is done by taking advantage of prevailing breezes, natural features and solar orientation. This may also be done through utilization of locally-sourced natural materials.

Environment-friendly materials are difficult to find.

A lot of manufacturers have learned that green products can easily capture lost profits because they can mitigate potential liabilities. Some products like linoleum, gypsum board and acoustic ceiling panels have a recyclability capacity for years. Aluminum and steel have also been recycled even decades ago. It is believed that the demand for sustainable construction products will increase as raw materials become more costly and depleted.

Homeowners are not really concerned about green architecture or green building.

In the May 2002 issue of the Environmental Building News, it was claimed that to date, there are 32 green construction initiatives being planned. This does not even include the wide range of federal green-building programs such as those coming from government institutions. A lot of universities, schools and even corporate owners continue to adopt sustainable construction following the LEED rating criteria.

Green construction is easy.

Green building consists of a holistic process which revolves the philosophy of “doing more with less.”


Be mindful about green architecture myths and facts -and then your dream green home is just around the corner.

8 Mar

Add Impact to Your Landscape and Garden Design with Statues

St. Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals, is a familiar Catholic religious statue that is commonly seen in dozens of locations throughout most communities. Not only do many property owners buy St. Francis bird baths and bird feeders to dress up their gardens, but Saint Francis statues can also be spotted in church courtyards, religious schools, and hospitals. Maybe it’s the kindly and gentle image that St. Francis projects that makes him such a universally appealing image to display. As a religious statue, its message of honoring nature and all its creatures is one to which many people can relate, even if they’re not particularly religious.

Large Saint Francis statues are available in a variety of sizes, materials, and finishes. Through the use of different processes, sculpture studios that create St. Francis statues, and figurines can achieve a number of interesting effects. One 24-inch statuette that’s available uses a green tincture to mimic the appearance of aging copper. Another approach to creating an antiqued look on a statue is by painting it in Sorrento Sandstone. There’s a 24.5-inch St. Francis bird feeder for sale that uses that exact technique. If you’re looking for garden statues that will add some visual interest to your landscape design, another one to consider is a 33-inch St. Francis sculpture made of stained cast stone. It’s somewhat of a clay color, which darkens and changes tone when it gets wet.

Statues of St. Francis are also made of other materials, including resin stone mix, cast brass with a bronze finish, painted cast stone, and fiberglass. Do-it-yourself landscapers and gardeners will like a 48-inch fiberglass St. Francis statue holding a basket that can be purchased over the Internet. The basket makes an attractive flower pot or plant container. A 32-inch Saint Francis bird feeder cast from a wood carving is another religious statue that would complement a backyard, church, or memorial garden.

Another unique St. Francis of Assisi garden statue is a 42-inch Saint Francis water fountain made of relic barro stained cast stone. The statue pumps 180 gallons of water per hour and shows subtle color changes after it rains.

An unusual custom that has its roots in folk lore, is the practice of burying a figurine of St. Joseph in one’s yard, upside down, to supposedly speed up the sale of a residential property. When the home does sell, the (former) owner then digs up the figurine and displays it in their new home. There’s actually a kit on the market created with that use in mind. It consists of a 4.5-inch figurine of Saint Joseph holding a baby in one arm and a bouquet of flowers in the other. The miniature St. Joseph sculpture includes information on this unique custom and directions for its use.

Other popular Catholic religious statues that can be purchased for home or public display include statues of Jesus, Good Shepherd statues, guardian angels, and Madonna statues, also called Our Lady of Grace, Mother Mary, and Lady of Guadalupe.

Joel Sussman

3 Mar

Plant Spirit Shamanism Plant communication

How is it possible as shamans contend – that plants can affect human beings, situations, circumstances, and life energies remotely, as it were? That is, without being used as a form of curative for a specific medical problem, but more as a means of magical attractant, harmoniser, or conduit for spirit, energy, or luck?

Lets ask Cleve Backster, a scientist working in the unlikely field of lie detection and interrogation techniques, whose job was to teach policemen and security agents how to use polygraph equipment and interpret its results. Backster decided one day to attach the electrodes of a lie detector to the leaf of a dracaena plant to see if the device was sensitive enough to pick up reactions from a non-human subject. Probably not, he mused, but there might be some reaction if he burned the leaf to which the electrodes were attached. The second he thought this – and before he had even picked up a match – there was a dramatic peak in the tracing pattern on the polygraph chart (a trace signature that Backster would eventually come to recognise as fear).

Intrigued by this, Backster continued his research, testing almost 30 different plants in the same way: by attaching electrodes to them and then thinking of some action he might take towards the plant. The results were always the same.

It was significant that the plants reacted before any action was taken, leading Backster to conclude that not only are plants as sensitive (or even more so) as human beings, but they are also able to read emotions and intentions because there is a form of psychic connection, or affinity, between plants and people.

As his work progressed, Backster realised that plants react not just to threats, but to presences or movements in their environment. He demonstrated to a group at Yale, for example, that the movement of a spider in the same room as a plant caused changes in the trace patterns of a polygraph to which that plant was attached. The plant had a precognitive sense of the impending and was attuned to intention before the movement itself. “The spider’s decision was being picked up by the plant, said Backster. They [plants] seemed to be attuned to animal life. Backsters other results show that plants have memory, emotions, and very human-like reactions, as well as psychic abilities. In one of his experiments, six students randomly drew lots to see which of them would destroy one of two plants in a room. The person chosen would commit the murder in secret so that Backster and the other students would not know his identity. In fact, only the second plant would know who the murderer was because only it would witness the crime. When the murder was done, Backster attached a polygraph to the surviving plant and paraded his students one by one in front of it. The needle went off the scale when the murderer appeared. In a kinder experiment Backster also demonstrated the love or empathy between a plant and its owner. One day

2 Mar

Architecture Within The Leicester Area

Most people walk around their towns or cities and pay little to know attention to the architecture and design that has gone in to the builfings that are all around them. The architecture that is all around you is overlooked by many and has to be one of the most overlooked art forms there is. Let’s take a look at architecture Leicester for example.

Leicester like many towns and cities in the UK has a long history which in this case is known to go back to pre Roman times. While Architecture Leicester can be traced back through hundreds of years there is understdably no buildings left from this era. Even though this is the case there is still a lot of historical architecture in Leicester. Most of the design stages that have been popular in the UK can be seen on it’s streets.

There is one family that is known for it’s work over the years and it’s influence on architecture Leicester is in plain sight for anyone to see. The first Goddard’s are believed to have moved to the area in the late 1700’s and their decendants are the ones who have had a big impact on architecture Leicester. In those early years of the Goddard’s influence on architecture Leicester they were mainly working on agricultural buildings and housing for the famr workers, one of the first buildings other than this was The Fish and Quart pub which although built in 1832 still stands to this day. The Goddard families influence on the architecture Leicester can be seen all over Leicester as they have managed to stay current with the styles and fashions of the time over the years.

Architecture Leicester while it has changed as with other old places in England has followed certain trends and taken many influences from all over the world. Once in Leicester you will notice a whole array of styles of buildings.

Arts & Crafts theory was as a break away from the now common cheaply built, plain mass prodiced buildings of that time. bought in a return to the more traditional architecture, using high quality materials and craftman saw more interesting shapes being used.

The baroque period of architecture Leicester proved to be not very popular in architecture Leicester as people didn’t seem to appreciate the sweeping vista’s and large curved shapes. Architecture Leicester’s version of the barouques style is as with many other parts of the country mixed in with more traditional architectural design.

Classical architecture in Leicester grand Greek style pillars Roman art styles are heavy influences on the architecture Leicester classic deign this can be seen on many of the buildings in and around Leicester.

Domestic Revival black and white Tudor and Medieval style buildings were the order of the day in this style of architecture Leicester.

There is nothing particularly unusual about architecture Leicester, as you will see much the same styles of architecture as you will in other historic places in England.

1 Mar

Selecting Additional Decor To Liven A Garden

Is your family garden set up the way you want it? Maybe you want to add something more classy, lasting and in line with nature. You really have options to make your outdoor living space a lot more comfortable and inviting without more work. This information will give you several ideas for giving your garden some more decor.

You probably would like to select things that are not too artificial. When selecting outdoor items like furniture or statuary, you want it to be nearly organic. When you do it this way, your product won’t stick out, but will fit in with the landscape. You want to have your garden look and feel that it really is flowing. This is particularly so when you have a sizable garden or landscape. One example of this particular strategy is having a walkway that winds through your entire garden. This is going to permit people passing through to experience the beauty of the garden.

Although you don’t want your space to have not enough things, going overboard is not a good idea either. It’s bad business to have a multitude of plants, in addition to much decor. Make certain that your garden or landscaping is respectful to true natural beauty. Should you have too much decor and an excess of plants, you may have a gaudy looking garden with plants dying from overcrowding. So it will be more uniform, you want to design your garden with lines. These lines can be created from your home or edging. If you use your roof structure as a guideline, you could have an elegant garden. You will be able to create a nice flow to your garden if you do this approach.

It is not necessary to have your garden be totally uniform but you want to be sure that the designs are related. For example, when you have a white table under some trees, you want to be sure that the chairs are white as well. If you add a fence or other decor, they ought to be also white. It is also crucial that you properly maintain or upkeep your garden or yard. Make sure that all things are clean and remove anything that has been damaged. You may want to keep specific items in storage if your area has a lot of snow during the winter. It could be smart to see if you could match the patio items with the decor in your garden. In the event you want to get a more woodsy or organic look, then teak is usually a good option.

You are going to see that adding new decor is not too difficult and not that expensive to implement. Most of these additions could certainly enhance the appearance of your home. This information should have offered you a few hints.