23 Nov

The Archerfish In A Specialized Aquarium, A Community Aquarium, And The Use Of Aquarium Plants

Maintaining Archerfish in a Specialized Aquarium. Archerfish are fascinating to watch because they use jets of water to wash insects into their home. Some believe that they are difficult to maintain but this is not necessarily true. There are five or six species of archerfish growing in size to up to half a meter. They are usually vertically striped.

The most easily available of the archerfish are the Toxotes jaculator and the T. chatareus. Both come from Asia but do not live in the same waters. The T. jaculator is found only in the brackish regions of the river while the T. chatareus is found in fresh water. The chatareus is most suitable for aquariums and can be easily identified by the small spot between the two front body bars.

These fish DO NOT get along with each other, so you have to choose whether you want a large aquarium with roots that can be easily set up in several different territories or do you want one fish species in a specialized or community tank. If they are in a community tank, it is not wise to use smaller fish as companions. As they feed they grow quite large with huge mouths. While not normally fish eaters, they should not be combined with smaller fish.

Archerfish are constantly on the move and love to swim. So, their aquarium should have a large area that is plant-free near the top of the tank to allow for their need to swim. Archerfish are not very demanding where their food is concerned; but, it must be of adequate size to tempt them.

Once the fish has become established you can feed it many different things. Archerfish like to eat fish, shrimp, raw beef, grasshoppers, and even boiled ham. When their food is placed on the water, they shoot towards it and snap for it and it is fun to watch them feed. DO NOT overfeed, especially when feeding meat! Archerfish can live for several years and will eventually become tame enough to take and eat food straight from your hand.

A Community Aquarium

The most frequently seen tanks are community aquariums. They are beautifully planted and decorated with rocks, roots, plants, and a variety of fish. To maintain water stability, a community aquarium should contain at least 70 liters of water or more, if possible. Remember, a larger aquarium is actually easier to maintain than a smaller one since the water in a smaller aquarium become murky much faster.

When preparing a community aquarium, you must remember that plants and fish have certain needs. You must plan for and meet those needs. Make sure to use fish and plants that have the same light and temperature requirements. While it is much easier to combine plants by this method, it is a different story altogether with fish. Some fish species have different requirements and cannot be put together!

It is very difficult to put too many plants into an aquarium in the beginning; but, it is quite easy to put in too many fish. Water quality will deteriorate very quickly in you overwhelm the tanks biological and filtering capacity, so add one or two fish a month and let the tank bacteria adjust to handle this new load. You must always avoid the temptation to purchase more fish than your aquarium can sustain.

There are no hard and fast rules about combining fish in a tank; however, there are a few basics that need to be observed. Schooling fish should never be kept alone or with only a few others of their variety. They thrive best when tank conditions replicate their ocean environment.

There are some fish that fight viciously with others of the species, especially males when it is spawning time. These fish should be kept singly or in pairs. Since they are normally quite accepting of other breeds it is suitable to put these fish together.

When stocking your aquarium for the first time, it is advisable to obtain a book from your local pet store that has a section on stocking. These books will not only provide you with information on how many fish can be put into a specific-sized aquarium, they will also give you information on the types of fish that can be safely combined.

Use of Aquarium Plants

Ecosystems like lakes, rivers, and forests are naturally balanced due to self-regulation. Because of natural cycles, they are basically self-sufficient. A predominant position is held by the green plants which capture and store energy from the sun in the form of sugar, fats, and proteins that serve as food for the animal and vegetable life they support.

In your aquarium, plants hold the same valuable importance and should be treated with great care. Only plants can use lighting to transform inorganic elements into nutrients. Plants need small organisms like bacteria and fungi (which break down dead organic substances into their basic elements) in order to continue to produce these nutrients. Between these two there is a natural balance that allows the plants to do the job they were designed to perform.

Looking at our aquarium along these lines we see that without constant interference from us this balance would be in great danger. We must add food, fertilizer, remove dead plants and animals, remove waste products with protein skimmers and partial water changes, and siphon off excess debris from within the aquarium.

Because of the various appliances available to create oxygen and carbon dioxide gas exchanges in the tank, plants can be completely eliminated from an aquarium. However, if you wish to maintain a more natural and healthy system to provide fish with oxygen and hold down the nitrogen levels, plants are the simplest and most efficient means.

Plants also help maintain the level of algae growth. A healthy planting is a great preventative measure against algae that can overrun your tank. Planting an aquarium with a large variety of plants can be very expensive, so it is best to start with small bunches of the less expensive plants.

After the aquarium is established, you can replace these with the more decorative and attractive plants that you prefer.

3 Nov

Plants For Heavy Clay Soils

Plants for heavy clay soils are surprisingly quite common and can be propagated as easy as most other gardening plants.

Now we all know heavy clay soil is difficult to dig, it sticks to your boots, it sticks to your spade, even a stainless steels spade, it sticks to everything. And it compacts just by walking on it and water will lay in puddles.

Not ideal conditions for plants then?

Well some plants actually thrive in heavy clay soils and by choosing the right ones you can have perfect flowering borders and beds just the same as anyone who has normal soil.

So, what can you plant in heavy clay soils.

Plants for heavy clay soils should be split into two types, those which prefer shade and those which will thrive in direct sun.

These are few favourites that will perform well in heavy clay soils..

Shade plants for heavy clay soils:

Astrantia
Aconitum
Filipendula
Ligularia
Rodgersia
Tiarella

Sun plants for heavy clay soils:

Astilbe
Lysmachia
Lythrum
Monarda
Phlok
Ranunculus
Trollis

All these plants will benefit from a mulch of well-rotted compost or bark chippings.

Once established you can propagate them as normal and collect seeds, take cuttings or divide, depending on the plant.

But if you want to grow more types of plants you can modify your clay soil, just read on..

Clay Soils Some Answers to Your Problems

Heavy clay soils can be difficult to dig, in fact it’s hard work just turning over a couple of spade fulls.

And walking on the soil will compact it and break down its structure, which prevents water from soaking through the surface.

When the soil is wet air cannot penetrate through the surface. This leads to ideal conditions for slugs and soil diseases. It also means plant roots will usually just rot.

Given a nice hot sunny day and the surface of clay soils will bake solid, start cracking and shrink as it dries hard as rock.

Even just digging can cause the surface to compact if it is wet.

Not much chance of growing plants then!

Well there are some solutions.

Some easier than others and some better than others.

The best solution, and quite easy to do, is to make raised beds. You only need about 23cm (9inch) depth.

But 30cm (12inches) would be much better and is well worth the extra effort.

The next best solution, but fairly hard work, is to dig in plenty of horticultural grit. You will need a good 7.5cm (3inch) layer and it will need to be dug in well.

You may need to repeat this a couple of times to get the maximum benefit.

It is also extremely beneficial to dig in plenty of well-rotted manure or compost. By the cartload, the more the better.

Don’t be tempted to just but a layer of grit in the bottom of planting holes. This just makes an ideal place for water to drain in to with disastrous consequences for any plants.

30 Oct

Tax deductions to drive plant and equipment sales

Tradies and small business owners appear to be the biggest winners as many flock to the shops to take advantage of the generous tax write-offs announced as part of the 2015 Federal Budget. Sales are already soaring as operators buy up big to replace old or damaged plant and equipment, computers, work vehicles, tools and more.

INSTANT ASSET WRITE-OFFS

On Budget night, the Government announced that for the next two years small businesses with an annual turnover of up to $2 million would receive tax deductions of up to $20,000 for each and every item purchased. This basically means that taxpayers can bring forward deductions where they wouldnt otherwise have been able to, thus helping with cash flow.

Ideas of what you can buy include:

Plant and equipment

Tradesmen tools and machinery

Sheds and storage

Work vehicles

Office or shop furnishing and fittings

IT hardware and licensed software

Other crucial tax deductions

The instant asset write-offs are just one among several other tax cuts to benefit those of us running a business, such as:

The small business tax rate is to be reduced from 30% to 28.5% from June 30.

Fast-tracked depreciation of assets that will allow businesses to write off $10,000 a year.
Employers will be able to access to subsidies of up to $10,000 for hiring both older and young workers.

Assets valued at $20,000 and more can continue to be placed in the small business simplified depreciation pool and depreciated at 15% in the first year and 30% thereafter.

THE DEVIL IS IN THE DETAIL

No truer words were spoken, especially when it comes to business and tax. Whats important is not to rush out and buy before checking with your accountant. If youre not making a profit, then a tax deduction however generous wont help you. If you were planning on purchasing these assets anyway, then the Governments instant asset tax deduction can improve your bottom line together with the other tax cuts and subsidies.

If you are in a position to upgrade any of your plant and equipment, then National Plant & Equipment has an incredible range of quality, reliable and well-maintained used plant for sale. Whether it be dozers, dump trucks, excavators or service vehicles, you can contact our team on 1300 794 448 and grow your fleet today.

25 Oct

Enliven Your Offices With Interior Plant Services

The human vision, by nature, is more attracted to the green spectra rather than any other color. That’s we always we feel refreshed whenever we look into a bright spot of green or a lush green garden. So if just a glance can bring such harmony, imagine having a workspace with such a lively green environment. Wouldn’t it be wonderful? Well, then why stuff yourself in a grey cubicle and limit your creativity, enhance the liveliness of your indoor landscape with some simple indoor plant care and transform your workspace to achieve maximum productivity.

Now there are actually two ways in which you can turn your office in to a green haven. You can either turn your office in to a mini tropical forest with exclusive live indoor plants, or just decorate the space with artificial trees such as artificial bamboo trees or artificial Ficus trees and still keep the liveliness of a green environment. The choice entirely depends on your interests and hours (if any) that you can actually put into maintaining these plants. Of course both have their advantage and disadvantages, but nevertheless they are sure to bring a serene and harmonious atmosphere for you and your employees.

Having live indoor plants compared to artificial trees might seem a lot of work at first, and it is, but it does have its own advantages. Live indoor plants not only enhance the visual aesthetics of the office space and but also bring in some life in to the building. Imagine entering into a fresh green space with the smell that just invites you stay relaxed and peaceful. Truly live indoor plants can be very refreshing indeed. But you do have to water them quite regularly, and have to clean up and constantly maintain them as well. So if you’re the kind of person who barely has enough time to look away from the computer screen, then these are not for you. But of course you can hire external contractors to maintain the plants, if you are determined about having them.

But a clever and more inexpensive solution would be to have artificial plants and trees around the place that look very much real but don’t require any of the maintenance as the real ones. There are plenty of artificial trees to choose from, which include artificial pine trees, artificial bamboos and even artificial palm trees. The plants and the components are made out of high quality silk that perfectly imitate the texture and color of real plants. And as they require no maintenance they can be placed anywhere you please, even on areas that do not get much light inside the building.

So in conclusion, no matter whether you choose live indoor plants or grand artificial trees, it’s definitely going to look great inside the building. And believe it or not, the more you have the happier you will be. So don’t hesitate, just decorate your workspace with a touch of greenery and enhance the liveliness and productivity of your office.

For Best landscaping designs and services contact 952-934-7666

25 Oct

Choosing The Best Live Freshwater Aquarium Plants

Choosing The Best Live Freshwater Aquarium Plants

When setting up your aquarium, it is very important to reproduce the fish’s natural habitat, to ensure that they are healthy and can also breed. An easy way to do so is by choosing freshwater aquarium plants that the particular species of fish would probably live around in the wild.

Live freshwater aquarium plants, hence, are the most suitable choice and there many different types that you can choose from.

These include large plants such as the water lily. However, keeping in mind their sizes, these plants are better suited to ponds, rather than aquariums.

Depending on what kind of fish you buy for your tank, you can include floating plants in your aquarium, which will not only add to the tank’s beauty but will also provide the fish in your tank a great place to hide. Floating freshwater aquarium plants include Fairy Moss and Riccia.

Using Rhizomes is also a good way of incorporating freshwater aquarium plants into your aquarium, as these generally grow upwards and its roots spread on the gravel. These roots hence give the look of a lush green carpet spread over the bottom of your tank’s floor. The most commonly known varieties of Rhizomes are anubias and the African Fern.

In addition to looking gorgeous in the tank, they are also very easy to plant, as these freshwater aquarium plants attach to any piece of wood or large stones available in your tank. As the Rhizomes grow, there shoots expand horizontally, they produce leaves, as well and eventually covers most of the aquarium. This gives your fish the perfect hiding spots.

Another commonly known freshwater aquarium plant is the rosette. They are said to look like crowns and have roots growing beneath them and leaves growing vertically. These also cover the entire aquarium by the branching of their shoots. Sometimes, these plants, that include the Amazon Sword and Sagittaria, also produce lovely flowers.

One of the most commonly found aquarium plants are the stems. As ordinary as the name may sound, these miraculous plants grow from the nodes of a single stem. This trait of their’s is also the origin of the plants name. The roots of the stem are firmly rooted in the gravel and the stem rises upwards. The stem also has leaves growing on them, which can be either individual or in pairs and on rare occasions having multiple leaves also.

Java Moss, is also another freshwater aquarium favorite and it is also sometimes known as the java fern. The java fern will serve the three purposes, it will protect your fish, make your tank look attractive and will also make a great tank started plant. Owing to its nature of surviving in a range of pH and is not particularly sensitive to all kinds of water.

Algae is the worst possible enemy of a dedicated aquarium keeper. It not only completely destroys the aesthetic look of your tank, but also has much more far-reaching and threatening consequences. Being a living creature, algae has a respiratory system and needs oxygen to survive; therefore, it consumes vital oxygen content of the water. The best possible solution to this problem is to choose one between two plants known as Water Wisteria and Plectomus. These two freshwater aquarium plants are ‘algae-eaters’ and help keep the algae content in your tank to a minimum.

20 Oct

T- Pac E-Pro MEC- A plant growth regulator.

T- Pac E-Pro MEC is a form of plant regulator which helps in improving the color and the lateral stem and also develops the mass in the root, there is reduction in the vertical growth and also improves the health of the blade. The durability increases and the stress on the turf grasses decreases. This plant regulator contains active elements like trinexapac-ethly. This plant regulator acts as micro emulsion concentrate (MEC) which helps in management of the growth of the turf grasses in cool season, it decreases the mowing and the grass clipping also reduces. There is also another active ingredient in this plant regulator which is Trinexapac Ethyyl.

On application T- Pac E-Pro MEC plant regulator it increases the quality, density and also color of the turf grasses. This plant regulator is used in commercial zones, residential zones, golf courses, play ground, and sod farms, sport fields. This is used in places where there is difficulty in mowing. On application of this plant regulatory there is no need of watering one hour of fast rain is sufficient for it. On application of this plant regulator there is noticeable change in the fertility level, plant vigor, moisture condition, frequency of mowing and height. The effects on the treated area are seen after 3 to 5 days after application of the plant regulatory.

There are numerous species of grasses, T- Pac E-Pro MEC plant regulator is tested on the grasses given in is label but does not have any idea about the types grasses which are not mentioned in the label. The neither manufacturer nor the seller has any clue about the effects on the grasses on which It is not tested. Professionals are recommended to treat a small area of land with the grasses which are not given in the label and then see the effects if the results are suitable than go ahead with using it on wide scale for commercial purpose.

To know more please visit:T- Pac E-Pro MEC.

7 Oct

How To Propagate Succulent Plants By Rooting Leaf or Stem Cuttings

Succulents are perfect plants for xeriscape gardens and are easy to root and grow. Once you learn how easy it is to propagate succulent plants, it’s a great way to expand your plant collection – and it’s free! You can use this planting technique with succulent plants from the Crassula family like Jade (C. ovata), Spoon Jade or Gollum Fingers (C. Portulacea, Rosary Plant (C. Rupestris), and Crassula tetragona. This propagation technique also works on other cactus and succulent plants like Aloe Vera, Echeveria, Aeonium and Baby Jade (Portulacaria afra).

Planting Succulent Cuttings: Start with a cutting about 4 – 6 inches long. Bury about half the stalk in soil. This will give you deep roots and helps the plant withstand drought better. Trim off the last few leaves to make a bare stalk if you need to. The leaves can be planted too; bury about half the leaf, cut side down. Most succulent plants and shrubs will form roots on the joints in their stalks.

Watering Succulent Plant Cuttings: Water every 2-3 days so the soil is moist (like a squeezed sponge). After a month, cut back to monthly watering. The leaves will probably shrivel a bit as the plant forms roots. The plant is living off the stored energy in its leaves. This is normal. You may also lose a few leaves, which is also normal. Do not use this as an excuse to over water!

Save all your broken parts and leaves. When I am repotting, I always save all my bits and pieces. Tuck them into the soil and leave a little green sticking out. Most parts will take root and grow into an extra plant.

How to Grow Succulent Plants: Succulent plants want heat and light. Outdoors most succulents take full sun to light shade. Some succulents will change colors in the sun and with the seasons. If you see brown, scabby spots, plants are getting too much sun. Aloe plants will turn orange in full sun.

Most succulents and cacti make excellent houseplants. They are already accustomed to a warm, dry environment, but they do need bright light. Indoors, most succulent plants can take sun near a window, or bright light. As a general rule of thumb, if there is enough sunlight for you to read, there is probably enough sun to make your plant happy. Outdoors, Aloe and Haworthia like bright light, but take less sunlight than most succulents. One or two hours of direct sun is usually their limit. They will turn orange if they are getting too much sun. Moving them to more shade will change them back to green.

A very light frost is usually no problem for succulent plants. A hard freeze, however, will freeze them solid. Outdoors, they can survive a frost if they have overhead protection. In freezing winter areas, bring you plants inside and put them in an area with lots of light.

How to Water Succulent Plants and Cacti: Succulents are native to places like South Africa, South America and the arid Southwest. Try to keep that in mind when you are picking a spot for your plants. Succulents and cacti are equipped to store water in their leafs and stalks so that they can survive long periods of drought. Indoors, drench the pot and then allow the soil to dry out between waterings. Outdoors, water them a few times during the hottest days of summer (if they look shriveled), otherwise, leave them alone. The fastest way to kill succulents is to over water them.

1 Oct

Kemper Plant Critics Propose Puzzling Vision

Given what we know about the Sierra Clubs activism nationwide, it comes as no surprise that the group would oppose a new power plant in Kemper County. After all, the Sierra Club is opposed in principle to the use of coal-fired power, and has even fought the construction of solar power plants and wind farms. Though they claim to be concerned about power customers, the Sierra Clubs opposition to the Kemper County plant is really just an extension of an impractical – and truly radical – philosophy: build nothing, never, nowhere.

Even the national media is becoming aware of the Sierra Clubs duplicity. The Wall Street Journal explained recently that “…having succeeded in banishing traditional coal-fired power from the future electric-power mix, the greens are now trying to scuttle any realistic alternative, even the clean coal they claim to support.”

Sadly, its not just the Sierra Club that is showing a lack of vision about Mississippis energy future. In recent editorial pieces, author and newspaper publisher Wyatt Emerich has criticized the Kemper County plant for costing too much, being too risky, and unfairly distributing the costs to electricity customers in Mississippi. The same criticism has been levied by Bigger Pie Forum Chairman Kelley Williams. Both men wonder aloud – without any real evidence to do so – whether the coal-to-gas technology employed at the new plant will ever work, arguing that Mississippi Power Company should have been forced to construct a natural gas plant instead.

First, there is nothing unproven or untested about the core technology that makes the Kemper County project possible. While its true that the plant will use a combination of technologies that hasnt been utilized together before, the component technologies themselves are working elsewhere, and they will work in Mississippi. Second, the rate increases that customers will pay – about 22% by the end of 2014 – are typical of what happens when a small market adds much-needed new generation. Customers in Mississippi saw similar rate increases, for example, when Plants Daniel and Watson came online more than 30 years ago to meet growing energy demand. Those costs are never welcome by the end consumer, who sees no appreciable difference when flipping the light switch, but they are necessary, especially considering that the Kemper County plant will be the first baseload power facility added to the utilitys fleet in 30 years.

Theres an even more troubling oversight, though, by critics of the Kemper County plant, including Emerich and Williams. They seem to live in a world where natural gas will always remain cheap, while decades of experience prove exactly the opposite. Instead of having Mississippi Power Company diversify its fuel mix, as it is doing with lignite coal in Kemper County, they would force the utility to chain its customers to the long-term price of natural gas. Keep in mind that 75% of the utilitys generation today already comes from natural gas. Instead of pursuing diversity, Emerich and Williams favor doubling down on natural gas. Instead of averting risk with a broader base of fuels, they would have Mississippi Power roll the dice and gamble their customers future with the hope that natural gas prices do what theyve never done: stay put.

You might expect this sort of advice from the Sierra Club, which famously took $25 million from the natural gas industry, but such advice from those who purport to care about customers is puzzling. In fact, following the vision of Emerich, Williams, and the Sierra Club is exactly what you would do if you were trying to create an energy future in Mississippi that created the maximum amount of long-term fuel risk and left customers as vulnerable as possible. Surely that isnt their goal.

Building a new power plant will always have its critics. Consider the case of Entergys Grand Gulf nuclear plant in the 1980s, which encountered the same sort of criticism as the Kemper County plant is enduring today. The price tag seemed high then, too, and the technology unfamiliar. Fortunately, regulators then eschewed the advice of critics by keeping the big picture in mind, instead of taking the easy path. They were visionaries who shared the same philosophy as the Mississippi Public Service Commission does today: that building a diverse portfolio and investing in new technology, as opposed to simply building the cheapest plant at the moment, is the best approach to protecting customers in the long run.

20 Sep

Commercial Grade Large Planters For Your Restaurant

Restaurant planters or hotel planters are usually large, elegant, and functional. Their unusual sizes are not only for style but for a purpose. They can serve as a boarder or a liner for the restaurant’s outdoor setting. Instead of putting fences or railings, large planters are more trendy and can add beauty to the restaurant.

Large fiberglass planters are the most commonly used planters in commercial establishments. Fiberglass are lightweight and durable which makes them ideal for outdoor settings. Some would even use big planters on casters so that it can easily be moved when they change their outdoor arrangements.

Most restaurant planters today are not only used as an ordinary containers for plants nor a restaurant decoration. Four of the top grade restaurant planters that combine function and style for restaurants today are as follow:

Coronado Premier Planters
These large commercial planters are used by the well-known Hotel Del Coronado, one of the oldest wood hotels. It is 36 inches long and 13 inches wide which are perfect for outdoor dining areas because they won’t occupy too much space. It looks like wood but it is actually made of Premium Cellular PVC.

Good thing about PVC is that guests cannot really tell that the large planters are not real wood. The material is durable compared to real wood because it won’t rot and can withstand bad weather conditions. They can also be painted with any color and can easily be cleaned.

Capri Rectangle Flower Planters
The Capri Rectangle Flower Planters are very simple yet innovative and elegant. They create an illusion of floating slightly above the ground. The compartment of these large planters are larger than the supportive footprint underneath.

The Capri Planters come in a variety of textures, colors, shapes and finishes that compliments any plants, flowers, bushes, and even trees. They are slightly bigger than the Coronado Premier Planters but they can be ordered in custom sizes.

Cairo Vase Planters
The Cairo Vase Planters has long been used in ancient Egyptian time. Their exquisite beauty and elegance perfectly fits in classical themed restaurants or luxurious dining areas. They may not be too functional compared to the Coronado and Capri Planters but with its charming appearance, you can have an unusually large vase as a centerpiece in any indoor or outdoor setting.

Custom planters for the Cairo Vase planters are also available. So they can be made in medium or small sizes which can be placed anywhere as a group to accent restaurant doorways, reception areas, and other spaces.

Valencia Round Fiberglass Planters
These are commercial grade planters that has the classic Mediterranean style that can be refreshing for outdoor restaurant settings. The Valencia Round fiberglass planters are highly durable and resistant to any possible damages like staining, scuffing, or wearing off. These round planters have small circular footprint that can occupy less space in your restaurant.

Large Commercial Planters are of high quality which makes them long lasting. They will be a good investment for any commercial establishments not only in terms of function but also in attracting more clients or customers.

12 Sep

How To Build Your Own Intermittent Misting System To Propagate Plants

This article will lay out the steps and materials you need to build your own misting system to propagate plants.

How to build your own misting system

Here is a list of materials and quantities needed to build a basic misting system. This system is designed to be used outdoors, but should also work fine inside a greenhouse. Your choice of misting nozzles will determine whether your PVC pipe will be suspended above the cuttings, or lay on the ground. This list assumes you are using a digital timer. WARNING: Use extreme caution if using mechanical timers instead of the digital one. The voltage can cause injury or death. If you are not qualified to perform the required wiring, seek the help of a qualified electrician. If using a digital controller, most convert the incoming voltage to a lower voltage, so there is less of a danger, but seek advice from an electrician if needed.
Misting controller(s) (1) (2, if building the mechanically operated system)
110 volt AC to 24 volt AC transformer (1) (will not be needed if using the digital timer)
24 volt AC solenoid (1)
Wire for solenoid (length determined by system builder)
Wire for timers (only if using the mechanical timers)
3/4 PVC pipe (10′ length)
3/4 socket x 3/4 male IPS adapter (1)
3/4 male IPS x female hose adapter (1)
3/4 PVC glue on cap (1)
misting nozzles (4)
Waterproof wire-nuts (2)
9 volt batteries (for digital timers only)
PVC primer and cement
Teflon tape
Misc. electrical fittings (only if building the mechanical system)Step 1
Install the two 3/4 male adapters into the solenoid. Be sure to wrap Teflon tape around all pipe threads to reduce the likelihood of leaks. The 3/4 x female hose adapter should be installed on the inlet side, the 3/4 male IPS x 3/4 socket on the outlet side. Most solenoids have a direction of flow arrow to help you determine which end is the inlet, and which is the outlet. Be sure to not over tighten the fittings, or the solenoid may crack.
Step 2
If building the digital timer system, wire the controller to the solenoid, using the wiring directions that came with the controller. Be absolutely sure the transformer and solenoid are the same voltage. Use the waterproof wire nuts to connect the solenoid to the wire. If building the mechanical system, the timers need to be wired together, then to a transformer. The transformer then gets wired to the solenoid using the wire nuts. Seek the help of a qualified electrician to be sure your mechanically operated system is wired correctly.
Step 3
Prime and cement the 3/4 PVC cap on the end of the PVC pipe. Prime and cement the other end of the pipe into the fitting in the solenoid. Do not get any cement in the solenoid.
Step 4