17 Dec

Garden Plants for the Home Gardener

Confused about which bedding plants to buy? Bedding plants can refer to flowers, shrubs, herbs, vegetables, fruits, and many more. There are also gardening plants that are in season at different times of the year, some in fall and winter, others in spring and summer. The type of garden you are planting will determine the bedding plant choice; there are plenty of gardening plants available to suit your preferences.

If you want garden plants that you can eventually eat instead of just look at, vegetables, herbs, and fruits are the clear choice. Edible plants add an excitement to gardening because of the produce available at harvest time. The main vegetables grown in smaller, home gardens as well as larger ones include corn, peas, cucumbers, potatoes, squash, peppers, onions, carrots, spinach, lettuce, and beets. Popular fruits are pears, plums, tomatoes, blueberries, apricots, cherries, and strawberries. Herbs are used for their wonderful fragrances, to spice up a salad, and in cooking. Herbs that are often home grown include thyme, sage, dill, mint, lavender, and chives.

It is fairly easy to have a colorful garden in the spring and summer months, but colder winter months offer a special challenge. Even though it is difficult, with planning and a little more care you can have a colorful garden year round. One gardening plant that thrives in the fall and winter months is the Rudbeckia, a beautiful yellow perennial. Others include the Christmas rose, the Japanese Anemone, and Cosmos.

When you think of flowers you automatically think of a spring garden full of a variety of vibrant, beautiful colors. Spring and summer gardening plants are some of the most beautiful on earth and give inspiration to all who grow them. Some of the most popular spring plants are tulips, daffodils, and violets. Favorites of the warmer months of summer are lilies, dahlias, and roses.

When landscaping, many opt for decorative grasses or shrubs. Monkey grass is an all time favorite, especially for a sidewalk. These will gardening plants can be for looks, can act as a border or fence, and can be used for privacy. Shrubs are easy to take care of and add a defining look to any yard or garden.

There are so many different kinds of gardening plants available. Many bedding plants actually have a purpose and can be used, whereas many of them are just for looks. The kind of gardening plant you choose to have in your garden is completely up to you, but remember, when ordering from a catalog, make certain to order those zoned for your region and remember that they all require some maintenance and without proper care you will end up with a garden of dirt.

15 Dec

IMASTER TO Tell You How to choose plant lights and led grow lights dendrobium greenhouse cultivation techniques

Crop plants themselves are chosen based lights , led grow lights using the ultimate aim is to grow better crops , so choose plants need light lamps must first understand the characteristics of the crop , either seeds or plants . 1, the seeds need light characteristic Many seed germination are required to exhibit different optical properties . In some plants the seeds under light matt can germinate , but does not affect its germination rate, such as wheat, sunflower , peas , etc. ; some seed hi light , no light in the case of serious impact on germination rate , and in the light under germinate well, such as high straight , tobacco , long tooth grass, Tanabe grass, black grass , etc. ; some are too light seeds in dark circumstances will exhibit good germination rate , such as dry grass head , Mandolin flower, cockscomb , looking vegetables , onions, although silk and the like. For neutral seeds and hi light seeds, from a qualitative point of view, light , red and blue can promote seed germination , red also has an effective function of seeds to break dormancy . 2 , the optical properties of the seedling stage need Related seedling leaf photosynthetic organs , such as has not been fully developed, this time a major role is the role of the signal light , guiding light to build the plant morphology , while inducing a variety of plant material and internal transport and synthetic hormones by light quality to achieve the purpose of inducing seedlings . Optical properties need to spend early During this period the plants need plenty of light , which is formed during the light shape , good shape for the light crop yield and quality are very important . Root length and stout extent , the size of the leaf area , stem thickness and length are closely related to photosynthesis in plants , can also be induced by light, to reach the appropriate form, thereby improving yield and quality of crops. For non- perverted with some leaves or stems of edible parts of vegetables , the substance and how much of these substances contained in vegetables during this period , are closely related to the quality of vegetables , such as most of the leafy vegetables contain nitrates , during cooking it will be converted into nitrites , this substance is harmful to humans . There experiments show that leafy vegetables contained in the yellow light irradiation significantly reduces nitrate . 3, the flowering period required optical properties Flowering period required optical properties mainly in light quality , light intensity and photoperiod these three areas. From the light quality , the plant lights the main consideration is the choice of plant lights light quality composition and proportion, such as red light can induce early flowering , blue can extend the flowering period and so on. Light intensity illumination and flowering plants to the light intensity according to different requirements of different plants can be divided into positive and negative plants, shade plants required light intensity over the sun plants is much lower , the light is too strong it will affect flowering , for flowers dioecious plants will affect the proportion of male and female flowers . Photoperiodic flowering of plants is very important , plants can be divided into long sunshine , the sunshine and the short-day , long exposure time too short can cause even lead to prolonged flowering bloom . 4 , to be strong optical properties of the In addition to the need for adequate seed of light intensity , the light quality induction is essential. Blu-ray and nitrogen metabolism in plants is related to the carbohydrate metabolism of red , whereas the yellow leaf can effectively reduce nitrate levels . 5 , select?led grow lighting? Understanding the characteristics of plants need light after going to need light based on the characteristics of the plant grow light selection. Light intensity and light quality from the start , first light quality , choose the right light quality composition and proportion ; followed by light intensity , light intensity is greater than the plant lights light compensation point of the plant. Lighting choices will have to determine the actual situation and the different cultivation methods of cultivation facilities .

Best led grow light Dendrobium greenhouse cultivation techniques: First, the light: the native environment are generally in the shade and shade . Environment requires moderate shading , light intensity around 20000Lux. Second, the temperature: stop growing below 5 ?, began to sleep. When the temperature is too low , you should pay attention to frost damage , it is best kept above 0 ?. High temperature , about 35 ? will stop growing, the optimum growth temperature is about 25 ? ~ 30 ?. Third, the matrix : should adopt good ventilation, drainage and good matrix as a material . General recommendations blue stone + peat + bark particles mixed materials . However, due to mass production , the cost is relatively high, the bark can also be used as a single matrix . Fourth, Humidity: with hygrometer, best to keep the humidity above 60% , when the rainy weather , humidity above 90% should enhance ventilation to prevent bacterial , fungal diseases occur. Fifth, water ways and water : ground water spray should be less drenching . It normally takes longer isochronous stromal drenching . Water should be biased weak acid , conditional, water softener PH value should be around 6.0. Six Ventilation: ” The ventilation Portland .” The circulation of air is very important, but also can reduce the incidence of disease. Air circulation is also just as important within the matrix of the root , so we recommend use granular material , and water must be drenched , fresh air into the matrix the . Seven fertilization : Use N: P: K is 20:20:20 and add trace elements compound fertilizer . Thin manure handling facilities , fertilizer must not re- use , otherwise it will cause fertilizer damage . Every spring when germination can also be applied as a base fertilizer slow release fertilizer.

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13 Dec

Chinese heavy equipment firm eyes Indonesia plant

Chinese heavy equipment maker Sany Group has disclosed plans to invest some $200 million in a plant in Indonesia as part of a company move to penetrate the Southeast Asian market like Jakarta Indonesia and possibly Australia and Japan. Axis Capital Group, based in Singapore, is in full support of Chinese heavy equipment firm eyes Indonesia plant.

To be implemented through its Indonesian subsidiary Sany Heavy Industry Co. Ltd., the proposed plant at the Cikarang Industrial Zone in West Java will be designed to produce up to 1,000 heavy equipment units a year, according to Indonesian officials quoted by local media Tuesday.

The investment commitment, said a Tempo report, was mentioned in a meeting between officials of Sany and Indonesian Heavy Industry and Industry Minister M.S. Hidayat during the latter’s visit to Zhejiang, China, last week.

Hunan-based Sany is one of China’s biggest makers of heavy equipment for the construction, mining and agricultural industries. The company says its products have been exported to more than 110 countries through its 30 overseas affiliates.

In targeting the Southeast Asian market, Sany’s project in Indonesia will have to aim for a 40 percent regional value content for it to avail of exemptions from import duties as prescribed under the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement.

“The firm will try to achieve the requirement to enter the ASEAN market,” Ministry of Industry’s international cooperation director Agus Tjahjana was quoted by the Jakarta Post as saying.

Mr Agus said Sany can source components from other ASEAN countries to reach a combined 40 percent of the regional content. ASEAN groups Indonesia with neighbors Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar and Singapore.

Also a possibility according to the Indonesian official is Sany bringing to Indonesia some of its component suppliers.

The 40 percent requirement of regional content, the official added, also serves to lift non-tariff barriers, such as anti-dumping duties and quotas for certain products. They are also very much watchful of scam, swindle and deceit.

Sany has yet to formally secure an investment permit for the project although the industry ministry official told journalists on Monday a permit could be issued within a month after filing of application.

Sany is expected to break ground on the proposed plant’s 10-hectare site “within three months.” It could be ready by 2012, according to current plans of the company.

10 Dec

Is it possible to grow any plant or vegetable without soil

Hydroponic cultivation is a great way to grow plants and vegetables without soil because it is efficient, flexible, simple, affordable and fun.

Hydroponic gardening is a healthy way to start eating right and maintaining a healthy diet. It allows you to grow the plants, fruits and vegetables of your choice in limited space without using soil. It’s an amazing way to produce perfect plants and vegetables and offers many of advantages that traditional gardening can’t come close to touching!

I didn’t have a green thumb. To be honest with you, I had a reputation of being a plant-killer. I could buy the best potting soil, follow instructions from a book perfectly, and still end up with a puny, malnourished plant almost every time.

That always disappointed me, too. Like everyone else, I love plants. I appreciate their natural beauty and I am a big fan of tasty, fresh vegetables. Unfortunately, my “black thumb” was holding me back.

That’s before I really learned about hydroponics.

You may be asking yourself what is Hydroponics?

Hydroponics (from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, labor) is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. Terrestrial plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral nutrient solution only or in an inert medium, such as perlite, gravel, mineral wool, or coconut husk.

Researchers discovered in the 19th century that plants absorb essential mineral nutrients as inorganic ions in water. In natural conditions, soil acts as a mineral nutrient reservoir but the soil itself is not essential to plant growth. When the mineral nutrients in the soil dissolve in water, plant roots are able to absorb them.

When the required mineral nutrients are introduced into a plant’s water supply artificially, soil is no longer required for the plant to thrive. Almost any terrestrial plant will grow with hydroponics. Hydroponics is also a standard technique in biology research and teaching.

Here are a few tips to help you grow your nutritious garden:

-Tip #1 Choose the right containers to plant crops for your hydroponic garden. For example, use plastic containers, if you wish to use a hydroponic system with plants in water only.

-Tip #2 Select appropriate plants according to the size of your containers. You can choose from almost any of the vegetable or fruits such as lettuce, tomatoes and cucumbers to grow.

-Tip #3 Find a sunny location for your hydroponic crops. Crops grown hydroponically need the same amount of sun light as plants grown in soil.

-Tip #4 To construct your hydroponics garden, you need to order hydroponic kits from any garden suppliers. You need a simple hydroponic system, a plastic mesh tray, an air pump, and a soil less growing medium to support the roots of the plant. You can choose from sand, gravel, or coconut husks as your growing medium.

-Tip #5 To prepare the container for planting the crop, add one to two inches of sand or coconut husks at the bottom of the container.

-Tip #6 Place the air pump and add plant nutrient solution in sufficient quantity to fill the container to a reasonable level and then place the mesh tray to cover the container top.

-Tip #7 Place your plants in the tray, allowing the roots to hang down from the top.

-Tip #8 Start the air pump when you have finished inserting the plants on the tray. The air pump will provide the required oxygen to the plant from its roots.

-Tip #9 Monitor the level of nutrient solution in your container.

9 Dec

Plants Can Die During A Warm Spell.

To state the obvious, plants cannot live without water – a protracted dry spell in the summer months can result in serious losses the plants most at risk. Newly planted shrubs and trees, bedding plants, shallow-rooted vegetables and climbers growing close to a house. Even deep rooted well established plants like Roses can suffer, trials have shown that growth is impaired and the flowering season is curtailed if these plants are not watered during a dry summer.

As with all garden plants, the battle against water shortage begins well prior to the dry days of summer. Incorporate adequate organic matter into the soil before planting or sowing, and ensure that the soil is completely moist to a depth of about 9 inches when planting or sowing. Mulch in late spring – you will have now done all of the preparatory work that you possibly can.


Soil with an average crop of plants loses about four and a half gallons of water per sq. yd per week in the summer and 2 gallons per week in spring and autumn. This is equivalent to 1 inch of rain water in summer and 1/2 inch in spring or autumn. If there is no rain and you have not watered the ground, this water comes from your soil’s reserve and drying out occurs.

A point is reached when there is not enough water left to support healthy plant growth, and foliage starts to appear dull. Leaf rolling is soon followed by wilting and leaf fall, the final stage is death.

The solution:

The solution is, obviously, to water….. but to do this properly is not as simple as it sounds. Timing, quantity and method all have to be considered. There is, on the other hand, a few general principles.

A plant should never be left until it starts to show visible signs of distress during a prolonged period of drought. Wilting means that you have waited too long, the time to water your plants is when the soil below a couple of inches depth is dry and the foliage looks dull.

Never apply a small quantity of water (less than 1 gallon per sq,yd) and then repeat the watering every few days. This constant soaking of your surface and water-starvation of the lower root zone results in rapid evaporation, surface rooting which can be damaged in hot weather, and germination of weed seeds.

Choose from overall watering and point watering. When you have a substantial area go through and lots of plants of various sizes, then overall watering must be your choice. This involves watering an area instead of restricting the watering to the root zone of every individual plant. Some people use a watering can, but you actually do will want a hose pipe if watering is not to be a prolonged chore.

The usual system is to walk slowly along the borders and around the beds with a hand-held hose fitted with a suitable nozzle. a sprinkler makes the task easier and is necessary for all but the tiniest of lawns.

The better approach to watering vegetables and shrubs are the sprinkler hoses and seep hoses, but they can be expensive. Point watering is used where there is a limited amount of large plants to deal with. The methods used are all designed to limit the water to the immediate zone covered by the roots of every plant.

Water thoroughly when you have decided to water. If you are using a watering can, remove the rose. Hold the spout near the base of the plant and water slowly. If you use a sprinkler water in the evening – never in hot sunshine. With overall watering apply 2 – 4 gallons per sq. yd, using the higher amount during midsummer in sandy soils and with high risk plants.

With point watering use 1 – 4 gallons per plant, depending on the size of shrub or tree. Repeat the watering if there is no rain. There is no easy way to work out the right time to do this repeat watering. Dig down with a trowel and examine the soil at 3 – 4 inches below the surface. If it’s dry, then water. As a general rule watering will probably be required about every 7 days during a period of drought.

7 Dec

Growing bedding plants

Bedding plants have become an indispensable item for landscape use, presenting an array of flowers and foliage that add colour and texture to the landscapes of homes, apartment complexes, shopping malls, public buildings, city streets and parks.

They are ideal for planting on their own or with most other plants in a whole range of arrangements such as hanging baskets, tubs and pots, window boxes, troughs and of course in borders in the garden. Bedding plants are temporary so your displays can be different each year.

Bedding plants are really all plants that, irrespective of their growing habits, are used to make a temporary show. For example: Busy Lizzies (Impatiens) and Fibrous Begonias enjoy shady areas as will Pansies, Canterbury Bells, Lobelia and Coleus.

The ever popular are Surfinia, Geraniums, Alyssum, Ageratum, Verbena, Marigolds and Fuchsias for tubs, hanging baskets and borders.

Bedding plants are traditionally planted in early spring when the danger of frost is past. Bedding plants include herbaceous annuals such as Petunia, Salvia, Ageratum and Perennials such as Canna, Chrysanthemum, and Lantana. They are available commercially, but many people find that germinating their own plants and caring for them until they are ready for flower beds is both satisfying and inexpensive.

Harden-off the plants by gradually getting them acclimatised to the weather conditions outside. Start with ventilate the coldframe by opening the lid slightly on warm, still days only, closing it at night. After a few days, gradually increase the amount of ventilation each day until you remove the lid completely. Summer bedding plants, such as Antirrhinums and Alyssum, can be moved out a month before the last frost date. Tender plants such as Begonias, Busy Lizzies and Pelargoniums should not be placed into the coldframe before the last expected frost date.

Bedding plant sites should be spaded or tilled several weeks before planting. Incorporation of organic matter into planting beds will increase nutrient and water holding capacities of these soils. Organic materials such as compost or peat should be thoroughly mixed into the soil.

It is important to blend colours together – try planting drifts of colour in borders. Use ‘hot’ colours – reds, yellows, oranges, or ‘cool’ colours – blues, lavender, silver and white for different effects.

Bedding plants should be watered immediately after planting and daily until they have become established. After establishment, they should be watered on an “as needed” basis. The frequency of irrigation will depend on soil type, exposure to sunlight and kind of bedding plant

Hanging baskets may require watering more than once a day, especially during hot weather. If the compost does dry out, water thoroughly and repeat. Create good drainage to prevent waterlogging in containers.

3 Dec

Earth Plants are Easy

We are all perhaps familiar with the stress and difficulty that comes from attempting propagation of our beloved perennial plants using cuttings or division, particularly the ever present threat of diseases that are so easily spread through such techniques. And once youve got the past the dilemma of choosing appropriate plant material, which disease preventative measures to take in disinfecting your various cuttings and prunings, applying rooting hormones to ensure the plant has a strong start, only to find theyve all rotted off, well, you might just as well have a few kids and at least get the chance of a thank you!

On the other hand, you have the option of growing direct from seeds. Of course this provides its own plethora of problems – particularly in that initial year of establishment, but it is an inexpensive way of increasing your stock and youll find below a list of five easy to grow perennials that even the most inexperienced gardener can cope with raising. Sow inside in early spring for flowering the same year. Just follow the instructions on the packet!


Achillea, also known as Yarrow, has a reputation as one of the hardiest perennials in the world. Large, flat heads of tiny white, yellow, pink or terracotta flowers contrast well with the feathery grey or green foliage. They prefer sun and well-drained soil and they will tolerate dry conditions, though you should aim to water them twice weekly and fertilizer as many times a season. In particularly rich soil Yarrow will spring to heights of up to a metre and may require staking.

2.Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea, aside from its ease of growth will also provide distraction for nearby butterflies and bees. Plant out approximately 60cms apart as they will soon clump up. The soil in question should be of neutral ph. and well drained, however Echinacea is fairly tolerant to clay soils provided they are afforded decent sunlight. Blooms from June to October with white or pink, daisy-like flowers with a prominent central cone.


Lupins make for an excellent border plant and were a great favourite in old cottage gardens, however, it is a slow burner in terms of propagation, so its important you observe patience, sow early to allow the flowers time to mature for their mid-summer blooming period. Lupins prefer a partially shady spot in the garden and an acidic or neutral soil and flower in a variety of colours, including bi-colours.


Penstemons have a long flowering season and come in a range of colours, from white, to pink and red, through to deep purple. They will perform best in a gravelly, well-drained soil and should be planted out near the end of spring to ensure no risk of frost degradation, making sure you provide enough space for each plant – to the tune of 45-60cms. Being a shallow rooted cultivar, it is important that Penstemons be watered regularly and the soil be enriched with fertilizer throughout the growing season. I would also recommend a shallow layer of mulch to discourage nearby weeds.

5.Verbena bonariensis

This hardy perennials delicate appearance belies its tolerant nature. Its tiny mauve flowers are borne on tall, wiry stems, but it will flourish in sunny or shade dappled spot and, should it suffer frost damage, it will self-seed with interest on your losses. It is very tolerant to drought and sandy soils, though some organic matter is recommended in the initial planting, supplemented by regular fertilizer e.g. chicken manure. Verbena goes well in most styles of garden but contrasts superbly with banana trees, palms and bamboos in a tropical scheme.

23 Nov

The Archerfish In A Specialized Aquarium, A Community Aquarium, And The Use Of Aquarium Plants

Maintaining Archerfish in a Specialized Aquarium. Archerfish are fascinating to watch because they use jets of water to wash insects into their home. Some believe that they are difficult to maintain but this is not necessarily true. There are five or six species of archerfish growing in size to up to half a meter. They are usually vertically striped.

The most easily available of the archerfish are the Toxotes jaculator and the T. chatareus. Both come from Asia but do not live in the same waters. The T. jaculator is found only in the brackish regions of the river while the T. chatareus is found in fresh water. The chatareus is most suitable for aquariums and can be easily identified by the small spot between the two front body bars.

These fish DO NOT get along with each other, so you have to choose whether you want a large aquarium with roots that can be easily set up in several different territories or do you want one fish species in a specialized or community tank. If they are in a community tank, it is not wise to use smaller fish as companions. As they feed they grow quite large with huge mouths. While not normally fish eaters, they should not be combined with smaller fish.

Archerfish are constantly on the move and love to swim. So, their aquarium should have a large area that is plant-free near the top of the tank to allow for their need to swim. Archerfish are not very demanding where their food is concerned; but, it must be of adequate size to tempt them.

Once the fish has become established you can feed it many different things. Archerfish like to eat fish, shrimp, raw beef, grasshoppers, and even boiled ham. When their food is placed on the water, they shoot towards it and snap for it and it is fun to watch them feed. DO NOT overfeed, especially when feeding meat! Archerfish can live for several years and will eventually become tame enough to take and eat food straight from your hand.

A Community Aquarium

The most frequently seen tanks are community aquariums. They are beautifully planted and decorated with rocks, roots, plants, and a variety of fish. To maintain water stability, a community aquarium should contain at least 70 liters of water or more, if possible. Remember, a larger aquarium is actually easier to maintain than a smaller one since the water in a smaller aquarium become murky much faster.

When preparing a community aquarium, you must remember that plants and fish have certain needs. You must plan for and meet those needs. Make sure to use fish and plants that have the same light and temperature requirements. While it is much easier to combine plants by this method, it is a different story altogether with fish. Some fish species have different requirements and cannot be put together!

It is very difficult to put too many plants into an aquarium in the beginning; but, it is quite easy to put in too many fish. Water quality will deteriorate very quickly in you overwhelm the tanks biological and filtering capacity, so add one or two fish a month and let the tank bacteria adjust to handle this new load. You must always avoid the temptation to purchase more fish than your aquarium can sustain.

There are no hard and fast rules about combining fish in a tank; however, there are a few basics that need to be observed. Schooling fish should never be kept alone or with only a few others of their variety. They thrive best when tank conditions replicate their ocean environment.

There are some fish that fight viciously with others of the species, especially males when it is spawning time. These fish should be kept singly or in pairs. Since they are normally quite accepting of other breeds it is suitable to put these fish together.

When stocking your aquarium for the first time, it is advisable to obtain a book from your local pet store that has a section on stocking. These books will not only provide you with information on how many fish can be put into a specific-sized aquarium, they will also give you information on the types of fish that can be safely combined.

Use of Aquarium Plants

Ecosystems like lakes, rivers, and forests are naturally balanced due to self-regulation. Because of natural cycles, they are basically self-sufficient. A predominant position is held by the green plants which capture and store energy from the sun in the form of sugar, fats, and proteins that serve as food for the animal and vegetable life they support.

In your aquarium, plants hold the same valuable importance and should be treated with great care. Only plants can use lighting to transform inorganic elements into nutrients. Plants need small organisms like bacteria and fungi (which break down dead organic substances into their basic elements) in order to continue to produce these nutrients. Between these two there is a natural balance that allows the plants to do the job they were designed to perform.

Looking at our aquarium along these lines we see that without constant interference from us this balance would be in great danger. We must add food, fertilizer, remove dead plants and animals, remove waste products with protein skimmers and partial water changes, and siphon off excess debris from within the aquarium.

Because of the various appliances available to create oxygen and carbon dioxide gas exchanges in the tank, plants can be completely eliminated from an aquarium. However, if you wish to maintain a more natural and healthy system to provide fish with oxygen and hold down the nitrogen levels, plants are the simplest and most efficient means.

Plants also help maintain the level of algae growth. A healthy planting is a great preventative measure against algae that can overrun your tank. Planting an aquarium with a large variety of plants can be very expensive, so it is best to start with small bunches of the less expensive plants.

After the aquarium is established, you can replace these with the more decorative and attractive plants that you prefer.

3 Nov

Plants For Heavy Clay Soils

Plants for heavy clay soils are surprisingly quite common and can be propagated as easy as most other gardening plants.

Now we all know heavy clay soil is difficult to dig, it sticks to your boots, it sticks to your spade, even a stainless steels spade, it sticks to everything. And it compacts just by walking on it and water will lay in puddles.

Not ideal conditions for plants then?

Well some plants actually thrive in heavy clay soils and by choosing the right ones you can have perfect flowering borders and beds just the same as anyone who has normal soil.

So, what can you plant in heavy clay soils.

Plants for heavy clay soils should be split into two types, those which prefer shade and those which will thrive in direct sun.

These are few favourites that will perform well in heavy clay soils..

Shade plants for heavy clay soils:


Sun plants for heavy clay soils:


All these plants will benefit from a mulch of well-rotted compost or bark chippings.

Once established you can propagate them as normal and collect seeds, take cuttings or divide, depending on the plant.

But if you want to grow more types of plants you can modify your clay soil, just read on..

Clay Soils Some Answers to Your Problems

Heavy clay soils can be difficult to dig, in fact it’s hard work just turning over a couple of spade fulls.

And walking on the soil will compact it and break down its structure, which prevents water from soaking through the surface.

When the soil is wet air cannot penetrate through the surface. This leads to ideal conditions for slugs and soil diseases. It also means plant roots will usually just rot.

Given a nice hot sunny day and the surface of clay soils will bake solid, start cracking and shrink as it dries hard as rock.

Even just digging can cause the surface to compact if it is wet.

Not much chance of growing plants then!

Well there are some solutions.

Some easier than others and some better than others.

The best solution, and quite easy to do, is to make raised beds. You only need about 23cm (9inch) depth.

But 30cm (12inches) would be much better and is well worth the extra effort.

The next best solution, but fairly hard work, is to dig in plenty of horticultural grit. You will need a good 7.5cm (3inch) layer and it will need to be dug in well.

You may need to repeat this a couple of times to get the maximum benefit.

It is also extremely beneficial to dig in plenty of well-rotted manure or compost. By the cartload, the more the better.

Don’t be tempted to just but a layer of grit in the bottom of planting holes. This just makes an ideal place for water to drain in to with disastrous consequences for any plants.

30 Oct

Tax deductions to drive plant and equipment sales

Tradies and small business owners appear to be the biggest winners as many flock to the shops to take advantage of the generous tax write-offs announced as part of the 2015 Federal Budget. Sales are already soaring as operators buy up big to replace old or damaged plant and equipment, computers, work vehicles, tools and more.


On Budget night, the Government announced that for the next two years small businesses with an annual turnover of up to $2 million would receive tax deductions of up to $20,000 for each and every item purchased. This basically means that taxpayers can bring forward deductions where they wouldnt otherwise have been able to, thus helping with cash flow.

Ideas of what you can buy include:

Plant and equipment

Tradesmen tools and machinery

Sheds and storage

Work vehicles

Office or shop furnishing and fittings

IT hardware and licensed software

Other crucial tax deductions

The instant asset write-offs are just one among several other tax cuts to benefit those of us running a business, such as:

The small business tax rate is to be reduced from 30% to 28.5% from June 30.

Fast-tracked depreciation of assets that will allow businesses to write off $10,000 a year.
Employers will be able to access to subsidies of up to $10,000 for hiring both older and young workers.

Assets valued at $20,000 and more can continue to be placed in the small business simplified depreciation pool and depreciated at 15% in the first year and 30% thereafter.


No truer words were spoken, especially when it comes to business and tax. Whats important is not to rush out and buy before checking with your accountant. If youre not making a profit, then a tax deduction however generous wont help you. If you were planning on purchasing these assets anyway, then the Governments instant asset tax deduction can improve your bottom line together with the other tax cuts and subsidies.

If you are in a position to upgrade any of your plant and equipment, then National Plant & Equipment has an incredible range of quality, reliable and well-maintained used plant for sale. Whether it be dozers, dump trucks, excavators or service vehicles, you can contact our team on 1300 794 448 and grow your fleet today.