21 Jun

History of the Small Garden

Where space is restricted, the design of that space becomes all-important. A brief look at the garden in history still has relevance for the owners of small gardens today, even though the terms of reference were often quite different. Many of the elements which make up the design of todays small garden have historical antecedents, while the number of old gardens which actually remain indicates that they have stood the test of time visually and as places for use.

In its earliest from the garden was basically an enclosure, made of thorn or scrub, to keep out marauding animals and keep in domestic ones. The enclosures later took the form of a mud wall, and were a defence against other humans as much as animals or were intended to shield off the heat of the sun. When nomadic community settled, the enclosures because places for growing both food and plants. This creation of a small private sanctuary characterized early enclosed gardens all over the world, though there function of course varied according to the climate and the way of life.

Early Formal Gardens

The earliest recorded gardens seen in Egypt seen in 3000-BC, were surrounded by a mud wall to absorb some of the suns heat. The house was also within this square or rectangular enclosure. The formal layout of early gardens was necessitated by the need for irrigation channels to provide water in a hot, dry climate. These divided the garden into geometric areas and, in the grander gardeners, the irrigation channels became formal pools with fish and there were arbours to sit under, overhung with vines, and shade giving palms. The Egyptians grew onions, which were there staple diet, and other vegetables and herbs for their medicinal value.

This basically formal style of garden characterized the whole Islamic world during the next few thousand years. The enclosed paradise gardens of Persia were often walled and the walls hung with grapevines and climbers. Fruit trees were cultivated, including peach, apple, cherry, banana, date, fig and olive. The Persians also grew flowers such as poppys, lilies, chrysanthemums, narcissi and roses in formal beds between the stylized cruciform shapes of the water canals. The idea of a flowering paradise within a formal setting is captures in Persia writings, painted miniatures and woven into carpet patterns.

The Indian and later the Moorish garden evolved from the Persian glorieta. Water was the essential thread of continuity, weaving through and links different plating areas, while creating a cooling effect. The Moorish influence stretched along the whole of North Africa, into Sicily and to southern Italy and thence to the Sierra Nevada in southern Spain. The style and form of the garden remained much the same, enclosed by buildings and high walls to provide shade and privacy. They were designed for outdoor living while remaining within the confines of the house.

The Moorish garden in Spain generally consisted of several court yards, known as patios, with water as the connecting link. Many patios contained a long canal with a central fountain and there were ornate pillars and tiled walls and floors. Cypress and orange trees were planted in sunken beds and usually lines the walls to give extra shade, while aromatic plants were grown in pots along the edge of the water scented the air. From Spain, where even the grand palace gardens were divided into small walled enclosures, the paradise garden tradition can be traced to South America. From there is spread to the idyllic climate of California, where it eventually metamorphosed in to todays patio garden, with the element of water often present in the blue waters of the swimming pool.

19 Jun

Tips For Buying Wooden Garden Furniture

Wooden garden furniture can add a touch of class and elegance to your home. You just have to make sure that you choose the right type of garden furniture. It should go well with the dcor of your home, withstand the climatic conditions of your area, and meet your requirements.

Here we discuss some tips for buying wooden garden furniture.

Decide the Type of Wood You Want

Wooden garden furniture sets are available in different types of wood like teak, cedar, mahogany, eucalyptus, oak, pine, and bamboo. If you want something that can withstand rough weather conditions and last longer, you should choose teak. Teak furniture requires minimal maintenance and is resistant to moulds and termites. But, it is expensive. Eucalyptus is another good choice for outdoor furniture. It is sturdy and looks great in natural finish. Pine garden furniture is aesthetically beautiful, but can get damaged easily if kept in sun or rain for long. Cedar outdoor garden furniture is quite popular. It does not warp and split with ageing. Moreover, it is resistant to insects. Whichever wood you choose, you should ensure that you cover your furniture when not in use. Paint it regularly to keep it looking new for years.

Decide the Purpose Of Buying Furniture

If you want furniture just for relaxing and spending some time with your family and friends in garden, you could think of a small table with a few chairs. If you intend to throw garden parties, you will need huge benches and tables that can comfortably accommodate your guests as well as food. For those who love reading and soaking in sun outdoors, a lounge chair or comfortable sofa is perfect.

Measure the Space Available For Furniture

Before you go shopping for your furniture, you should measure the space available for it. Avoid overcrowding your garden area with over-sized tables, armchairs, and swings. You should leave adequate space for people to move around. If you have limited space, you should choose space-saving furniture items like folding chairs.

Decide What Style You Want

Wooden garden furniture is available in different styles like traditional and contemporary. You should choose a style that complements your garden area and also the dcor of the rest of your home. For instance, for giving a wooded ambience to your garden, you should choose from teak furniture in traditional styles. But if you want to give trendy look to your garden area, you should choose from contemporary styles that are sleek and classy.

Before you invest in outdoor garden furniture, you should properly assess your requirements. This will help you in selecting the right outdoor furniture. Apart from paying attention to style, size, and wood, you should also check how durable the furniture is and how much maintenance it would require.

Nowadays, you can buy wooden garden furniture and patio furniture through online stores. Not only they offer good quality products at reasonable rates, but also have a wide range to suit different needs and tastes. Before placing your order, you should always check the shipping costs, delivery time, and return and exchange policy of the online dealer.

19 Jun

Eco-friendly Means To Dispose of Garden Waste

garden waste bags right into a beneficial and nutrient rich food for the garden. Though composting greenery is definitely an environmentally friendly method to dispose of some waste, it calls for space and as a result not recommended for everyone. Chosen kitchen waste might be additional towards the composting effort thus generating it even friendlier to the environment.

three. Licensed Nearby Dumpsters – Most local authorities will run certified dumping grounds exactly where you’re ready to securely dispose from the tough waste for example backyard furnishings or perhaps old garden decking. There is certainly continual progress when it comes to recycling systems, therefore challenging waste which is carefully sorted and stored could 1 day be recycled. Think about the implications on the environment and only dump it where you are permitted to do so.”>

Garden waste within the form of greenery, old garden furniture as well as garden-grown fruit or veggies could possibly be eco-friendly disposed of by subsequent some basic ideas. Greenery for example grass and weeds ought to be recycled whilst backyard furnishings and challenging waste should be securely disposed of. Recycling assists the environment due to the fact it conserves sources, saves power and minimizes landfill, whilst waste which could not be recycled and it is disposed of in an eco-friendly manner conserves resources and could possibly be recycled 1 day.

three Eco-friendly Means To Get rid of Garden Waste:

one. Government Collection – This biodegradable waste in the form of grass, weeds and leaves could possibly be collected by your neighborhood authority. Merely shop your waste in dedicated bins or black bags and get in touch together with your neighborhood authority regarding assortment occasions and procedures. You should also inquire for a checklist of permitted waste which could possibly be collected and recycled.

2. Garden Composting – Composting greenery such as garden-grown fruit or veggies is definitely an affordable, organic approach that transforms your garden waste bags right into a beneficial and nutrient rich food for the garden. Though composting greenery is definitely an environmentally friendly method to dispose of some waste, it calls for space and as a result not recommended for everyone. Chosen kitchen waste might be additional towards the composting effort thus generating it even friendlier to the environment.

three. Licensed Nearby Dumpsters – Most local authorities will run certified dumping grounds exactly where you’re ready to securely dispose from the tough waste for example backyard furnishings or perhaps old garden decking. There is certainly continual progress when it comes to recycling systems, therefore challenging waste which is carefully sorted and stored could 1 day be recycled. Think about the implications on the environment and only dump it where you are permitted to do so.

15 Jun

Potassium Humate Benefits for Plants

Agricultural experts are touting the benefits of potassium humate for growing plants to aide in increase our food sources. Many third world countries use this organic fertilizer compound to promote root growth and improve the surrounding soil of the crop structure. It is a highly dissolvable ingredient in its various forms such as a powder, granular, or crystal. Plants which are fed through the elements in the soil containing prescribed levels of humic acid with potassium are healthier, stronger, and produce a more abundant yield.

Yielded crops from humate with a potassium content are free from crop diseases which in turn deters insects from destroying them. This natural compound can restore balance in weak soil areas wherever seedlings are planted. While growing, the resulting plant growth receives healthy vital nutrients through its leaves and roots. Humate and potassium work together in the ground to also provide just the right trace amounts of plant vitamins and soil minerals to promote natural development.

The chemical compound of these ingredients serves as a molecular exchange to increase the minerals and nutrients in any acidic soil environment. This multi-functional composite decreases or neutralizes any toxicity in the soil for health and abundant plant growth. Research and tests have revealed that the natural mixture of potassium and humate is very beneficial to the bio-organic farming system.

Potassium humate does not form any land pollution which could effect water systems or our food supply. Humate is the result of humic acid which is an organic soil bio-degradation of dead plant matter and woody material. Potassium is a normal soil ingredient whose function it is to regulate the growth of plants for proper harvest times. In varying environments it aides in drought areas, keeps plants from freezing and adds more color and flavor to plant life.

Combining humate and potassium together improves the soil’s ability hold more water, keeps the temperature of the soil perfect for plant growth. It also helps to aerate the soil and speeds up seed germination, especially in a plant’s hormone levels. This elemental combination is designed for each plant’s nutritional requirements for a successful yield.

Agricultural researchers, farmers and botanists enjoy using the amalgamation of potassium and humate as their soil fertilizer. Countries which use it to defend their plants from harmful insects, organisms which destroy plants, rough environments or unhealthy soils include China, India, Pakistan, Taiwan, Thailand, South Africa, USA, Egypt, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates. When it comes to the demands of the public to purchase chemically free and pesticide free foods, this natural fertilizer combination of potassium humate is the naturally organic consumer answer.

15 Jun

Career In Physiotherapy, Architecture And Leather Technology

These days there are some new budding career which is making their mark in the long race of career options. Career in Physiotherapy, architecture and leather technology are gaining popularity and proving to be quiet profitable for the students pursuing the courses.

Career in Physiotherapy
A career in physiotherapy is highest in demand and hold high scopes in India and abroad. Physiotherapy is the science to manage and coordinate human body functions and promote optimal health. It helps to solve dysfunction in human body, weakness in knee and joints, paralysis, gynecological ailments, inborn and acquired diseases and other such disorders. Medical practitioners refer such patients to psychotherapists who restore them to good health with the help of therapy and medicine. There are two courses available: bachelors of physiotherapy and masters of physiotherapy. Basic eligibility criteria for BPT are 12th pass and an examination conducted at state or national level. There are various job opportunities for physiotherapists like: work in health care department, rehabilitation centers, clinics, under various departments of central government and state government, phsysically handicapped centre. One can also take up teaching

Career in Architecture
If one is inclined towards decoration houses and knowing more about their structure and design, one can take up architecture as a career option. Therefore architecture is the study and planning of a building. One needs to be 12th pass and should have opted for maths, physics and chemistry. After this eligibility criterion is met, an all India examination for B Arch is held after which there is a personal interview round. So one has to be totally dedicated and hard working in order to get through the entire process and reach the goal. In order to get into this career one needs to have an analytical mind and be good in maths. There are various opportunities in private and government sector. One can get into huge architect firms, consultancy companies, in real estates, in universities and industrial development sector.

Career in Leather Technology
Leather Industry is the fourth largest export industry in India, which has lead to great demand for highly trained professionals in leather technology. Few years back any professional training was not needed in leather industry but with the growing demand, numerous courses and diplomas are available in this field. There are various jobs opportunities in leather industry in the technical field and designing field. Technical students work on cutting and shaping the leather while the designing students work on designing the various shapes. There are vast amount of multinational companies investing on leather goods which has made it a profitable career.

One should go with their areas of interest and these careers in leather technology, architecture and physiotherapy are amongst the fastest growing of the lot.

12 Jun

Historic Phoenix Architecture

New home buyers come to Phoenix, Arizona for the booming economy, but they are lured to stay because of historic features that the city offers. If you are moving to Phoenix, you want a Phoenix real estate agent who has a firm understanding of the local real estate market and is working for you to help you find your dream property. There are many new homes in Phoenix that have been influenced by the stunning historic architecture that you can see around town, and your historic architecture is ready to work with you so that you can find and acquire just the right Phoenix property for your purposes. >

One historic property in Phoenix, Arizona that exemplifies one of the beautiful architectural styles is the Union Station in downtown Phoenix. This building, built in 1923 by the Santa Fe and the Arizona Eastern (representing the Southern Pacific) railroads, features the Mission Revival style. This style emphasizes stucco wall surfaces, red tile roof, wide overhanging eaves, shaped Mission dormer or roof parapets, and porch roofs that are held up by large square piers that usually have an arch above them. This style was popular in California, owing to the Spanish influence in that region. It moved from California to other parts of the West when the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific railroads used the style for the stations they built. Mission Revival style began to be seen in the early 1890s and continued in popularity until 1920, or near the end of the first World War.

Another famous Phoenix building is the Luhrs Building, designed by Trost & Trost architecture firm from El Paso, Texas and built in 1924. Henry C. Trost was the designer, and his work evidences his ability to design in many styles, most notably Art Deco, Mission Revival, Prairie and Pueblo Revival, many showing the influence of the famed work of Chicago school architect Louis Sullivan. The Luhrs Building emphasizes the top half of the upper stories through the use of a heavy cornice and marble ornamentation, both of which are in keeping with the Prairie style and Sullivan influence.

An architect famous for his work in Southwestern architecture is Will Bruder. He designed the Burton Barr Central Library, including such features as an open, one-acre large reading room and the “Crystal Canyon,” the name for the stairwell and elevator that utilize glass and steel. Sunlight into the building is directed by motorized louvers on the southern side of the building, and on equinox days you can enjoy the sunlight alignment.

The rich history of these buildings continues to influence the design style of new homes in Phoenix to this day. Phoenix realtors know where to find historically influenced properties, so contact them today.

Wayne Hemrick has been a Phoenix real estate agent , property appraiser in the Phoenix area for 20 years. He has his own very successful real estate and mortgage lending business in the Phoenix area.

8 Jun

Sensory Gardens (if not necessarily sensible!)

To many, a garden is just a glorified bouquet, somewhere to apply an artistic touch and allow nature to do the leg work and, while the aesthetic appeal of this idea is undeniable, to truly
appreciate all that a garden has to offer the senses, we cannot be resigned to be mere voyeurs. A garden can be so much more, and here is a guide to creating spaces that encompass and cater to all of our senses.

Sight
Nothing lifts the spirits like a well-planted garden and starting with the most obvious stimuli a garden can offer, it is important to note the psychological effect of particular hues. As we know, artistic flare alone does not make a great gardener, it also helps to have a basic interest in natural sciences and, in this case, physics. Red, for example, has the longest wave length in the light/colour spectrum and as such appears closer than it really is, hence the reputation it has acquired as a bold and attention grabbing colour. Yellows and oranges can be cheerful colours too that are just as stimulating and exciting. Green, by contrast, could perhaps provide quite a bland palette in a garden, despite the fact that at an instinctive level it is also the most comforting as it holds connotations of water. Along with blues, whites and mauves, it can also have the effect of receding in the garden and making borders feel further away than they actually are. These soft colours can also be more effective in shady conditions or in the evening, standing out in the dim light more effectively than their deeper coloured relatives.

Sound
The most common sounds of a garden are the simplest – particularly that of the wind through the trees and nearby animals and birds, but it is possible to enhance these sounds with diligence paid to your planting. You could, for example, plant stands of bamboo and wait for the breeze to rustle through them, and you can fill the garden with plants specifically to attract birds and insects. Water features are also excellent for attracting birds and their mating songs, aside from providing their own soundtrack to calm the mind and psychologically cool the air.

Touch
There are a myriad of different textures and surfaces that one can implement in a garden to enhance the tactile experience of it. Lets start with a major component of most gardens, the lawn nothing quite beats the feel of cool, soft grass between your toes. Then there are the other surfaces – smooth, sawn paving, warm decking and tactile sandstone spheres, for example. In terms of planting, the exciting textures of foliage and flowers are almost endless, from the soft, felted leaves of Lambs Ears (Stachys byzantina), to the squirrel-tailed flowering stems of Pennisetum setaceum and the smooth, shiny, mahogany-coloured bark of the ornamental cherry, Prunus serrula. They all beg to be touched, caressed and enjoyed. Theres fun to be had too who can forget playing with Snapdragons (Antirrhinums) when they were a child?

Smell
Theres no end to the recommendations we could make where the sense of smell is concerned, anything from lavender, to honeysuckle, to roses would provide a palpable feast for your nose. But look beyond flowers and appreciate the fragrance of foliage too of course herbs are obvious choices, but some ornamental shrubs and trees also have aromatic foliage. The aroma of Nepeta, for example, can drive your cat wild with excitement, hence its common name Catmint. For us, there are lemon-scented geranium leaves, the fresh smell of pine and the pungent fragrance of Choisya ternata (Mexican Orange Blossom), among many others. For best effect, try to plant your scented specimens close to entrances and pathways, where you can more easily appreciate their fragrance as you pass by.

Taste
To achieve a truly delectable, edible garden your best bet would be the addition of a mini-orchard, vegetable patch or herb garden, and nothing beats homegrown produce. However, if this is an impractical measure for you, or if yours is a purely flower-based garden, you can still grow edible plants. Introduce easily grown Nasturtiums to your plot, as these make for an excellent, colourful and peppery salad garnish during blooming season. A patch of Daylilies (Hemerocallis) wouldnt go amiss either as these vivid blooms have a sweet, nutty flavour (and have earned a reputation in Chinese cuisine as excellent flavouring for soups!) Climbing plants can also provide floral interest as well as an edible bounty. Try Passion Flower (Passiflora caerulea), for example. It has exotic-looking purple and white flowers and these are followed by orange, egg-shaped fruits, which, while the bright red pulp is not perhaps as flavoursome as the variety youd buy in the supermarket, is still stunning over ice-cream or in Champagne!

8 Jun

Spanish Mission Art Deco Style Architecture

In the architectural world, just as in the worlds of food, clothing, and design, as styles come together we have whats called fusion. In fusion, often disparate elements come together to create a cohesive union, and sometimes seemingly harmonious elements come together in a not so harmonious way. In terms of architecture, a truly interesting blend happened in the beginning of the 20th century, melding together the elements of Spanish Mission revival style with the hip sleekness of Art Deco.

Art Deco buildings are known for their futuristic, sleek, dramatic, geometric flair. Cubes, zigzags, and futuristic chic came together to express the growing machine age in the United States. In the roaring twenties and early thirties, the jazzy Art Deco architecture was sweeping the nation. The Art Deco style found its inspiration from many different sources. The austere shapes and curves were taken from the Bauhaus School and the streamlined modern technology-looking design was melded with images of icons from the Far East, Greece, Rome, Africa, India, and Mayan and Aztec cultures. But above all these, Art Deco took inspiration from an architectural discovery in Egypt.

In 1922, archaeologist Howard Carter and his sponsor, Lord Carnarvon, thrilled the world with their discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamen. Egypt-chic soon swept the nation and influenced the design of clothes, jewelry, furniture and graphic design. And of course, architecture.

Another style that was popping-up at the same time was the Spanish Mission Revival style, and in California, these two disparate styles found a way to come together in harmony as Hollywood actors were clamoring to get their homes built in the chic Spanish style. California isnt the only place to see the beautiful union of these two styles.
Hawkes Bay has some tremendous Art Deco and Spanish Mission Walks. Hawkes Bay is located in Napier, New Zealand. Following a devastating earthquake in 1931, the whole commercial heart of Napier was destroyed, but the city was about to be reborn in the newest architectural style, and to become the hottest city. In Hawkes Bay, you get to see all the styles right next to each other: Spanish Classic, Spanish mission, and Art Deco, all side by side.

There are also places in the United States that show this great mixture of styles and iconographies. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett, another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.

5 Jun

Top 7 Reasons Why Plants Wilt

You can tell a plant is starting to wilt when its leaves start to droop. Permanent wilting will cause the plant to die. However, if you address the underlying cause of the wilting as soon as you notice it, you can save the plant. Here are the top seven reasons that cause plants to wilt and how to fix the problem.

1. Under watering Plants derive their nutrients from water. If you under water a plant, it will not receive enough nutrients and it begins to die. The solution to this problem is simple water the plant more often. Unsure of how often to water? It really depends on the plant and its location. For example, an outdoor location that is exposed to the sun and winds will need more water than plants that are in the shade. To see if your plant needs water, simply touch the soil. If the soil is dry, then water the plant. If you need to, do this every day until you see a pattern showing how many days it takes for the soil to become dry.

2. Over watering Is just as dangerous as under watering. Too much water means that the roots of the plant cannot get enough oxygen, which is crucial for carrying the water throughout the plant. The short-term solution is to drain the excess water from the pot. The long-term solution is to give the plant less water. Remember however, it is more important to do a thorough watering once a week than to give the plant smaller amounts of water more frequently. The reason for this is because a thorough watering will allow the plant to develop a healthy and robust root system.

3. Root bound plants When there are more roots in the pot than soil, your plant is root bound. The reason that these plants wilt is that there is no soil to store any water for the future, so unless you water everyday, they don’t get the water they need. The solution? Re-pot the plant into a larger pot using lots of compost rich soil and water well.

4. Too much sun and heat The sun can scorch and burn both indoor and outdoor plants. As well, it is possible for plants to get too much heat. The solution is to move them if you can or provide a source of shade. Each plant is different in the amount of sun and heat that it can tolerate. If you are unsure, ask the staff at your local nursery. Not only will they know what each plant can tolerate, but they will also be familiar with the local climate and temperature zone.

5. Not enough light All plants need light to grow, although each one is different in the amount of light it needs. The first step in the solution to this problem is to check the recommended level of light for your particular plant. The next step is to move the plant to a sunnier location, or if it is an indoor plant, use artificial lights that are specifically designed for this purpose.

6. Over fertilizing Plants can burn if they receive too much fertilization. When adding fertilizer to the soil, be sure to carefully follow the directions on the package add no more and no less then what is stated. Also, fertilizer is best added during the growing season.

7. Broken stems Since the stem is broken, it cannot carry nutrients to that part of the plant. This can’t be repaired and it is best to remove the broken stem. For certain plants, such as African Violets, you can transplant the stem as long as it hasn’t been broken for too long. To transplant, simply put the stem in a small pot of soil and keep the soil moist. After a week or two, you will see new leaves starting to grow. The original stem may die, but it has grown roots and a new plant has been started.

4 Jun

Silver Ore Processing Plant

Silver ore is usually mined from underground mine and some in open pit mine. The run-of-mine silver ore will be sent to Silver Ore Processing Plant which includes crushing, washing, grinding process.

Firstly, the silver ore mined will be conveyed to a stock bin before crushing and grinding. The silver crushing and grinding plant can handle harder silver ore as well as increasing the plant throughput. The outflow from the mill enters a vibrating screen and the oversize is directed to a CS cone crusher before being returned to the mill. Screen undersize enters a ball mill/cyclone circuit before entering the flotation plant rougher cells.After crushing and grinding process, the silver ore will be conveyed to flotation plant. Them the silver ore will be sent to silver smelter or silver refinery.

Silver Ore Crushing Plant
When exploring the silver, we must take into account the actual geographical conditions. And whether the open or indoor exploration, the large-scale automatic mining equipment should be used. And the mining machinery equipment is mainly composed of the monitor, dust-free equipment, silver crushing plant, wind flow equipment, ball mill, classifying equipment.

Among all the silver exploration equipment, Zenith Machinery can provide customers with trustworthy high-quality Silver Ore Processing Plant in Africa. The common silver crushers are: CS cone crusher, PE jaw crusher, JC jaw crusher, PFW impact crusher, etc. Our CS cone crusher is strongly recommended, as it is widely used for silver ore crushing and other rock ore crushing. In addition, we also suggest you try our new mobile crushing plant, which is finally designed through adopting the latest advanced technology, as it is more flexible and will bring you more convenience.

Silver Ore Grinding Mill
Silver mill is the major silver grinding machine to grind the crushed silver ore. Zenith Machinery can design and manufacture many types of silver mills for silver grinding. The common silver mills are: ball mill, Raymond mill, MTM trapezium mill, MTW trapezium mill, ultrafine mill etc. And the ball mill is the most widely used silver mill to grind the silver mill.

The ore is crushed to -5 inches in primary cone crushers, then reduced to -1/2″ in short head cone crushers. The ore is then ground to -100 mesh in ball mills. Using wet magnetic separators the silver ore is separated and further reduced to -200 meshes in a ball mill. Classification is accomplished with screens and cyclones.